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Critical Thinking and Problem Solving

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Reason Effectively

  • Use various types of reasoning (inductive, deductive, etc.) as appropriate to the situation

Use Systems Thinking

  • Analyze how parts of a whole interact with each other to produce overall outcomes in complex systems

Make Judgments and Decisions

  • Effectively analyze and evaluate evidence, arguments, claims and beliefs
  •  Analyze and evaluate major alternative points of view
  • Synthesize and make connections between information and arguments
  • Interpret information and draw conclusions based on the best analysis
  • Reflect critically on learning experiences and processes

Solve Problems

  • Solve different kinds of non-familiar problems in both conventional and innovative ways
  • Identify and ask significant questions that clarify various points of view and lead to better solutions 

Additional information about these skills is listed below. 

1.   Destination ImagiNation

Destination ImagiNation, Inc. seeks to be the world's foremost non-profit membership organization dedicated to promoting three critical life skills among learners at all levels: Creativity, Teamwork, and Problem-Solving. These three life skills and the process in which they are implemented form the core of the organization's value system.

2.    Overview of Critical Thinking and Bloom's Taxonomy

This site gives an overview of critical thinking as it relates to Bloom's taxonomy, and lists numerous useful online resources on the subject.

3.    Georgia's Critical Thinking Skills Program

The Georgia Critical Thinking Skills Program, or Georgia's Effective Teaching Strategies (GETS) Program was designed to promote thinking and learning in the classroom. The Program centers around instructional strategies teachers use in the classroom to teach content while promoting critical, creative, and independent thinking.

4.    Critical Thinking Lesson Plans - Univerity of North Carolina

Lesson plans in the UNC Chapel Hill School of Education database relating to critical thinking.

5.    Critical Thinking Resources for Teachers

This web site published by East Tennessee State University shows teachers how to design activities and assignments that require and teach critical thinking.

6.    Integrating Critical Thinking Skills Into the Classroom

How to article on incorporating these skills into classroom teaching.

7.    Digital Promise - Federation of American Scientists

The Federation of American Scientists (FAS) presented the latest research-based uses of advanced digital technologies for teaching, workforce training and lifelong learning on Wednesday, 14 June 2006. The demonstration of three sophisticated games that provide an environment to teach skills for problem-solving and managing systems were showcased as part of House "Innovation Week."

8.    What's wrong with college admissions

Thorough article that describes Robert Sternberg's groundbreaking Rainbow Project.

9.    The Critical Thinking Community: Resources for Socratic Questioning, Higher Order Thinking, Critical Thinking conferences books and academic resources

The Center for Critical Thinking and Moral Critique and the Foundation For Critical thinking, two sister educational non-profit organizations, work closely together to promote educational reform. We seek to promote essential change in education and society through the cultivation of fair-minded critical thinking.

10.    WannaLearn.com - Critical Thinking

Index of resources, books and online tutorials and courses related to critical thinking.

11.   Search Strategies: Search with Peripheral Vision

Finding Information on the Internet - free problem solving tutorial

12. Teaching the iGeneration: 5 Easy Ways to Introduce Essential Skills With Web 2.0 Tools

In this book, each chapter introduces an enduring skill: information fluency, persuasion, communication, collaboration, and problem solving. Then, the authors present a digital solution that can be used to enhance traditional skill-based instructional practices. A collection of handouts and supporting materials tailored to each skill and tool type ends each chapter.